The visitor to Florence should see first of all "Galleria degli Uffizi" wich contains one of the greatest collections of works of art in the world. It was established by Medici Family in the 16th century and its range includes antiquities, Tuscan and European paintings, sculptures, tapestry, an interesting gallery of portraits, drawings and printings from the origins to the 16th century.
Next to "Galleria degli Uffizi" is "Palazzo Vecchio" with its monumental buildings created in the 15th and 16th centuries rich in frescos, furniture, paintings and tapestry.
If the weather is nice, it is wel worth going for a walk in "Viale dei colli" towards "Piazzale Michelangelo" where you can enjoy the best view in town.
You can't miss "il Battistero", il "bel San Giovanni di Dante", its construction dates back to the 5th century with its wonderful golden doors by Gioberti.
Next to it is the "Duomo" or "Santa Maria del Fiore" a huge building started by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1296 on the site of the ancient cathedral of Santa Reparata. It was carried on by different architecs and painters, among them Giotto. The most striking feature is the dome finished by Filippo Brunelleschi.
On the right of the Duomo is the bell-tower started by Giotto in 1344 and, after his death, continued by Andrea Pisano and by Francesco Talenti in 1359 completed.
The most famous square "Piazza della Signoria" with the superb "Palazzo Vecchio", home of the town hall, is a must to visit. On its right are the arches of the magnificent "Loggia dei Lanzi". The square also has statues (among the most famous ones "Perseus" by Benvenuto Cellini and "The Sabines' rape" by Gianbologna) and it is like an open air museum.
The Academy Gallery houses some of the most famous works of Michelangelo including "David" and paintings by Florentine artists from the 13th to the 16th centuries.
Finally, after this quick look at the most important monuments in Florence, the largest Florentine palace is "Palazzo Pitti". It includes "Galleria Palatina" (works of Italian and foreign artists from the 15th to the 18th centuries), the modern art gallery (19th-20th centuries Tuscan painting), the silver and carriges museums and the ex-royal apartments.
At the beck of Palazzo Pitti, one of the est examples of Italian gardens "Boboli Garden" with statues, fountains and extremely rare vegetation.
Some of the best known churches are "Santa Croce" (tombs of great Italian artists), "San Lorenzo" (Medici family's tombs by Michelangelo), "Santa Maria del Carmine" (Brancacci Chapel with frescos by Masaccio ), "Santa Maria Novella" (crucifixes by Brunelleschi and Giotto), "San Miniato al Monte", "Santo Spirito" and "San Marco Church and Convento".